Did you know that 2015 has been designated International Year of Soils by the United Nations?
I was a bit slow reacting to this, but then I finally got round to reading a few articles about it. And they got me thinking…
“The nation that destroys its soil destroys itself. “
Franklin D. Roosevelt
It is under our feet, maybe covered with concrete, gravel or tarmac, but it is everywhere and we rarely give it a thought. Okay, if you’re a gardener then you probably do think about it. You think about it being acid or alkaline, sandy or clay, stony, rich, poor, fertile, compact, organic and maybe a few more adjectives spring to mind. But on a grander scale what about soil erosion or desertification, contamination and pollution, soil degradation, increased salinity, soil management in developing countries…?
The aim of the IYS is to increase awareness and understanding of the importance of soil for food security and essential ecosystem functions
Raising awareness is only the first step. After all, we are all very aware of global climate change and yet our governments still refuse to sign this or that agreement, to invest more in renewable energy, or to reduce subsidies for blatantly environmentally-damaging products and processes. But it is an important step as, at the end of the day, it is down to individuals to bring about change.
“The fate of the soil system depends on society’s willingness to intervene in the market place, and to forego some of the short-term benefits that accrue from ‘mining’ the soil so that soil quality and fertility can be maintained over the longer term.”
Eugene Odum (US biologist known for his pioneering work on ecosystem ecology)
The next stage promoted by this awareness campaign is to educate people about how important soil is for our ecosystems as a whole and how it affects not only our health, but also our economic welfare; sustainable soil management is the practical form of this educational process and must be invested in – worldwide – with the support of government policies and protective legislation.
The EU – after many years of deliberation – still does not have a cohesive soil governance policy, relying only on environmental policies and legislation of member states. Do we need a single policy? Or should soil governance be a regional issue? After all, the effects of poor soil management can have global repercussions…
One square metre of rich soil can harbour as many as 1,000,000,000 organisms, including nematodes, bacteria, slugs, insects etc
In Germany I have only been able to find a few events taking place to celebrate the Year of Soils – mostly rather dry-sounding lectures in distant cities. But I have found a few links to interesting sites. In particular this one: http://saveoursoils.com/en
Please take a look at it. There is a wealth of information here, with some great short videos and a list of things you can do to help;
Eat less meat
Look out for more information and pass it on!
(e.g. Write a blog post about it, however long or short, or simply add a couple of links to interesting articles or videos)
Did you know that earthworms can deposit up to 10 kilos per square metre per year of valuable worm droppings in the soil?
(Neither did I! ;-) )
“We are able to breathe, drink, and eat in comfort because millions of organisms and hundreds of processes are operating to maintain a liveable environment, but we tend to take nature’s services for granted because we don’t pay money for most of them.”
Here are some other links. There really is so much information online, so this is just a selection of what I found recently:
Earthworm Society of Britain
Global Soil Week
Video “Support World Soil Day”
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
The International Union of Soil Sciences
So, have I got YOU thinking too now? I do hope so!